When and how to transplant cannabis plant
Transplanting marijuana plants is not that easy as you may think and requires certain skills but after reading some information and a couple of attempts from your side it can be done easily. Why you should do it, how to do it and other questions are described in this article.
The reasons for transplantation
Root-binding is the main reason to transplant your cannabis. Root-bound is the definition of the plant condition when its roots reached the bottom and the edges of the container where it was grown initially. Cannabis will stop growing after that and will require a bigger pot to continue growing.
The symptoms of the root-binding are the following:
1. Stunted Growth
3. Smaller and slower bud production
4. Needs watering too often
5. Easy to burn with low % nutrient solution mixtures
7. Red stems
Remember that approximately 2 gallons of soil are needed for each foot of growth. Transplantation has to be done carefully and involves certain risks. For example, if you make a mistake during the process, your plant can die or go into shock when its leaves will turn yellow and wither. But if the procedure is done professionally, the effect will be positive for marijuana and worth the risk.
The right time to transplant cannabis plant
Like it was mentioned before, you know the right time for transplantation when the roots of your cannabis plant reached the limits of the container. When it happens, the plant stops growing altogether. Peat plugs is one of the reasons for that as well because their mesh perimeter prevents the roots from growing.
It is not recommended to transplant cannabis plants during their seedling phase and at the same time they need plenty of light and water. This phase usually lasts between two and six weeks. Transplanting cannabis too early can be devastating for the plant. First of all, test the firmness of your plant's stem but do it gently in order not to inflict damage. Besides that, once you see a fast growth of leaves together with a firm stem, you know that the plant has entered the vegetative growth stage of their life. This means that your cannabis is ready to be transplanted into a bigger pot or even into the ground outdoors to continue growing. Otherwise, the growth may be stunted completely.
How to transplant cannabis plant
First of all, you need to think about the place where you want to transplant your plant. There are several options available for that:
1. Indoors. Easy to access and is not noticeable by other people.
2. Outdoors. Your plant will get most of the needed minerals and resources at no cost to you.
3. The option when you transplant your plant to a bigger container and place it outdoors temporarily. Then you can relocate the container indoors in order to avoid detection or in case of bad weather, pests, etc.
Whatever option you choose, make sure that the soil in the new pot is ready for the transplantation process. It has to contain moisture but not to be too wet or dry. The soil must stick together when you transplant cannabis, in the form of the original pot. Also, the new pot must be at least 4 gallons if you plan to make it a permanent place for your plant. If you want to grow cannabis outdoors, dig a hole in the ground that is a few inches bigger than the container used for your plant before. Try to keep your cannabis in the soil that it has already been growing to avoid shock during transplantation and further accommodation. Be especially careful if your plant grew in a closet before because it is susceptible to shock.
The process is the following: take the plant’s stem between two fingers of one of your hands at the upper edge of the pot. Other hand should be beneath the pot. Then gently flip the pot upside-down to get the plant together with the soil into your hand that’s holding the stalk of the plant. You can use a knife to help you to separate the rootball from the sides of the pot. Do not pull the plant off the container solely by the stem because you can tear it apart. After that you are ready to put your cannabis into the new prepared container or the hole in the ground. There is nothing wrong if pieces of soil fall off the roots. You simply have to get the plant’s roots into the soil. If you used peat plugs before, the mesh around the roots should be pulled off since there is no need in it anymore. After the procedure is over and the plant is in the soil, make sure to give the roots plenty of water.
Additional tips to help you with transplantation
In order to make growing medium stick together, water your plant 1-2 days before the transplantation procedure.
Your new pot should be filled with potting mix but not entirely. Leave a couple of inches for water, so that it won’t run off when you water the roots.
Watering should be done before the transplantation. The soil in the new pot should be moist. The roots of your cannabis will have a hard time absorbing water if you add it afterwards.
After you have your plant put into a new pot or the hole you dug out earlier, cover the roots with earth and water the plant at once. You can add some extra soil if needed to ensure a nice flat topsoil.
Do not wait too long to transplant cannabis. It’s better to do it earlier than later: after the roots have begun to fill the container but before they have become root-bound and started wrapping around the edges.
Do not transplant cannabis during the flowering/budding stage and let it be in the final pot at least one or two weeks before switching it over to the flowering stage.